Perfume Your Evenings in the Garden with the Sambac Jasmine
Winner of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society, Arabian Jasmine will delight you for much longer than 1,001 nights.
Arabian Jasmine, botanically known as Jasminum Sambac, is a tropical treasure. Its dark green, stalk less leaves and shrubs enhance ambiance, while its flowers are widely known for their fragrance. Dried Jasmine flowers are used to scent Jasmine teas in China and to adorn Leis in the Hawaiian Islands. It is the perfect plant to spruce up your outdoor space.
The interesting thing about this plant is that you can train it as a short climber plant or maintain it as a shrub. Not only this, you can use a pot to plant Arabian Jasmine indoors.
The Jasmine plant also has a number of traditional uses in medicine, aromatherapy, and cosmetics. However, the reason most plant parents prefer it is that it has pretty and fragrant flowers.
The famous flowers of the Jasmine plant normally bloom during the summers and rainy seasons. However, if you live in a region with a warm climate, your plant may flower all year long. The white, scented flowers grow in clusters of 3 and 12 and may be single, semi-double, or double.
Jasminum Sambac is the scientific name for the plant commonly known as Arabian Jasmine or Mogra. It belongs to the Oleaceae family of plants. The plant producing highly fragrant flowers originated in the tropical Asian regions such as Bhutan, Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. Among these regions, this double flower plant is commonly called Motiya or Mogra.
In 1753, in the first edition of the Systema Naturae Book, this plant was first described as Nyctanthes Sambac by the writer of the book, Carl Linnaeus. Later in 1789, William Aiton reclassified it to the Jasmine genus, also naming it Arabian Jasmine.
Caring for your Arabian Jasmine
There are a few things you will need to consider to keep those white flowers blooming and the vines climbing. Jasminum Sambac is an easy-to-care-for plant, but it prefers its original tropical environment.
These plants love warm temperatures and bright lights. To grow a healthy Jasmine plant, make sure it is exposed to full or partial sunlight. Aim for 6 to 8 hours of sunlight per day. If you keep it as an indoor plant, remember to place it by a window to provide it with direct sunlight.
The ideal soil for your Arabian Jasmine is loose, loamy, humus-y soil. It prefers a well-draining soil medium that holds water well. Plenty of organic matter in your soil will make your plant happy.
Jasmine plants love a humid environment. Make sure you keep the soil moist to provide enough humidity.
Regularly water your plant to keep it moist but not wet. Overwatering your plant will cause your plant to rot. Before you water an Arabian Jasmine plant, consider checking the soil moisture. Touch it, and if the first few inches of the soil feel dry, it is time to water. You can do this once a week or more, depending on the climate of your area.
The jasmine plant requires plenty of water during summers. However, you should cut down on watering it during the winter months.
Hold the fertilizing step for some time after you get a new Jasmine plant. It is important to let your plant establish in its new home first. You can fertilize your outdoor plant four times a year. As for your indoor plant, dilute liquid fertilizer in the water. Give the plant high quality, well-balanced fertilizer to support abundant blooming.
Pests and Diseases
When growing this beautiful plant, don’t forget to be aware of the possible infestation of pests and diseases. Sucking pests like aphids, spider mites, and black scale insects attack these plants.
A few larger insects also sometimes chew on the Jasmine leaves, causing them to get thinner over time.
Common diseases like blight, rust and Fusarium wilt fill appears on areas of leaves and stems in the form of patches, causing them to wilt.
While Arabian jasmine does not require extensive pruning, it is still important to trim off dead or dying vines. If you live in a climate where your plant stops blooming during the winter season, this is the time when you should start removing dead branches and cutting upper nodes and buds. For a plant that blooms all year round, simply prune to maintain the shape.
Jasmine plants are generally propagated by semi-ripe cuttings. To get the best results, take cuttings from the prior season’s growth.
- Cut a stem about 6 inches long from directly below a leaf
- Remove any buds or old flowers
- Dip the cutting into the water, followed by a root hormone
- Gently place the cutting in moist soil
Make sure you plant the cutting immediately.
Potting/Repotting your Jasmine Plant
Arabian Jasmine does very well in pots. It likes moist soil, but wet soil can cause it harm, so choose pots with appropriate drainage holes. Such pots prevent moisture issues.
This plant does not prefer oversized pots. Once your plant starts to grow and takes up all the space in the pot, simply transfer it to a bigger pot.
Jasmine plants have many uses and are not at all toxic to children or pets. Therefore, they are a perfect choice for beginner gardeners.