A Step by Step Guide to Ficus Propagation! 

We are often asked how to propagate different plants. To get you started, we’ve put together an easy-to-follow guide for propagating Ficus plants, like the Ficus Elastica, Ficus Audrey and Ficus Lyrata. Here are the two most effective propagation methods for these:

Stem Cuttings

Propagation using stem cuttings is the most common way to propagate a Ficus plant. Using this technique, small plants are grown from cuttings, each with its own new root system.

STEP #1: Cut a stem with two or three leaves. Make sure to cut approx. 3 inches below the first leaf. This gives your new plant a short stem with leaves to sustain it.

STEP #2: When you have your cutting, you have two options:

    1. Place it in a container with water to root. Make sure to use room temperature, clean, chlorine-free water. After several weeks, your cutting will start to develop roots. When these look viable, plant the cutting in soil.
    2. Plant the cutting directly in soil.

No matter which option you select, it is important to place the cutting in a spot where it will get plenty of indirect light.

Air Layering

Air layering is a propagation method that induces roots to form on a plant’s stem while it is still attached to the mother plant. This can be the quickest way to produce a large plant.

STEP #1: Have a sharp knife and sphagnum moss at hand.

STEP #2: Use the knife to make a cut completely around the plant’s stem, making sure to penetrate through to the center of the stem.

STEP #3: Make a second cut around one inch below the first cut and a third cut connecting the previous two cuts.

STEP #4: Remove the string of bark and scrape the exposed surface to remove the soft tissue.

STEP #5: Pack some sphagnum moss around the exposed area and wrap it with clear plastic wrap.

It may take from 90 to 120 days for roots to fully form. Once a good root system has developed, cut the stem, and plant the new plant into a pot.

Happy Growing!

Check out all of our Ficus plants here.